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Low-temperature MIR to submillimeter mass absorption coefficient of interstellar dust analogues II : Mg and Fe-rich amorphous silicates

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Authors : K. Demyk, C. Meny, H. Leroux, C. Depecker, J.-B. Brubach, P. Roy, C. Nayral, W.-S. Ojo
Abstract : To model the cold dust emission observed in the diffuse interstellar medium, in dense molecular clouds or in cold clumps that could eventually form new stars, it is mandatory to know the physical and spectroscopic properties of this dust and to understand its emission. This work is a continuation of previous studies aiming at providing astronomers with spectroscopic data of realistic cosmic dust analogues for the interpretation of observations. Ferromagnesium amorphous silicate dust analogues were produced with a mean composition close to $\mathrmMg_1-xFe_xSiO_3$ with x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4. Part of each sample was annealed at 500$^\circ$C for two hours in a reducing atmosphere to modify the oxidation state of iron. We have measured the mass absorption coefficient (MAC) of these ferromagnesium amorphous silicate dust analogues in the spectral domain 30 - 1000 $\mu$m for grain temperature in the range 10 - 300 K and at room temperature in the 5 - 40 $\mu$m range. The MAC of ferromagnesium samples behaves in the same way as the MAC of pure Mg-rich amorphous silicate samples. In the 30 - 300 K range, the MAC increases with increasing grain temperature whereas in the range 10 - 30 K, we do not
see any change of the MAC. The MAC cannot be described by a single power law in $\lambda^-\beta$. The MAC of all the samples is much higher than the MAC calculated by dust models. The complex behavior of the MAC of amorphous silicates with wavelength and temperature is observed whatever the exact silicate composition (Mg vs. Fe amount). It is a universal characteristic of amorphous materials, and therefore of amorphous cosmic silicates, that should be taken into account in astronomical modeling. The enhanced MAC of the measured samples compared to the MAC calculated for cosmic dust model implies that dust masses are overestimated by the models.
Journal : Astronomy & Astrophysics Arxiv