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Accueil > Résultats Scientifiques > Publications 2018

H2CO Ortho-to-para Ratio in the Protoplanetary Disk HD 163296

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Authors : V. V. Guzmán, K. I. Öberg, J. Carpenter, R. Le Gal, C. Qi, and J. Pegues

Abstract : Ortho-to-para (o/p) ratios of species like water, ammonia, and formaldehyde (H2CO) are believed to encode information about the formation history of the molecule. Measurements of o/p ratios in protoplanetary disks could thus be used to constrain their physical and chemical histories. We present the first measurement of the o/p ratio in a protoplanetary disk, using three ortho and two para lines observed with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) combined with one highly resolved measurement of a single H2CO line with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) toward the disk around Herbig Ae star HD 163296. We find a disk-average H2CO o/p ratio of 1.8–2.8
(depending on the assumed disk structure), corresponding to a spin temperature of 11–22 K. We also derive a rotational temperature of 24 K from the flux ratio of the three ortho lines. The observed spatial distribution, as seen by ALMA, as well as the rotational temperature and the o/p ratio, at the large scales the SMA is most sensitive to, are consistent with a low-temperature formation pathway, most likely grain surface chemistry, of H2CO in this disk.
Journal : The Astrophysical Journal ApJ